Section: TEACHING TO LEARN
1María Cristina Müggenburg Rodríguez Vigil, 2Íñiga Pérez Cabrero
1Secretaria de Asuntos de Personal Académico.2Decana de la Escuela Nacional de Enfermería y Obstetricia (ENEO).
Escuela Nacional de Enfermería y Obstetricia. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Antiguo Camino a Xochimilco, s/n y Viaducto Tlalpan. Colonia Sa
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- To identify how these new graduates visualise the acquisition of knowledge and skills.
- To identify how they exercise their experience and practical knowledge.
- To identify how they project their need for professional excellence.
- To identify how they perceive their personal satisfaction in the performance of their professional careers (perception and obstacles).
Contextual points of reference: An analysis of the nursing care provided by graduates from the ENEO in the new millennium through an annual follow up from 1994 to 2003.
Methodology: Studied population: ENEO (National School of Nursing and Obstetrics) graduates from ENEO academic years 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2000, who were located three years after completion of their studies, that is 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003. The data relating to academic training, work situation, professional activity, projection of professional development and satisfaction were all explored through indirect questioning based on a survey-pool containing closed questions in their majority. For data processing, descriptive statistics of association were used: X2 and Spearman R, that allow the description, analysis and interpretation of the information, to integrate reports that might be analysed by the decision makers in the scope of Training of Resources as well as in the professional scope.
Results: The chances of being absorbed by the labour market are high, 78% in 2000, 82% in 2001, 88% in 2002, 76% in 2003. The non-insertion into the work market is caused by: a lack of the appropriate degree, a lack of professional identity, and maternity. The theory training received is valued far more than the practical training. The four generations confirm that they use most of their time and find the performance of tasks, such as the curing of wounds and daily routine care, as one of the most solid learnings. Teachers find such findings encouraging, because they identify themselves with the real day to day nursing care and thus feel proud of training professionals with a disciplinary attitude. All four generations manifest a great need for professional advancement to project a growing profession. The four groups manifest professional satisfaction base on intrinsic vales of the profession, a congruent confirmation of the previous analyses.
Conclusions: The accelerated technological development of our globalised world makes the updated learning of practical skills difficult.
The strong relationship between the training received and the labour market strengthens the performance, acceptance and personal satisfaction of the professionals.
nursing care; follow up of graduates; external curricular evaluationcurrículo
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