JUNIO 2006 N° 6 Volumen 4

Perception of interfamilial violence by children and adolescents



1José Rafael Escalona Aguilera, 2Yanelis Hernández Ortega, 3Raiza Rodríguez Ramírez


1Especialista de Primer Grado en Pediatría.2Especialista de Primer Grado en Medicina General Integral.3Licenciada en Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Mariana Grajales Coello”. Holguín Policlínico Docente “José Martí Pérez”.

Contact address

C/ J. Aguero, 88. e/c Sartorio y Cespedes. 82100 Gibara, Holguín (Cuba).

Contact email: escalona@cristal.hlg.sld.cv


A descriptive study was performed on a total of 167 children and adolescents, aged 5 to 19 years, from primary care centre 33 from the “Policlínico José Martin” of the Gibara Health District.
The study sample was divided into two ethereal groups 5-9, 10-14, 15-19 years. “My family” and the “What I do not like about my family”, psychometrics, as well as a guide of interviews elaborated to such effect. The information was completed with data obtained from individual and familial clinical histories, and was evaluated as a whole by specialists in psychology.
From the study, it was gathered that, out of each 10 families, 8.4 manifested at least one form of violence. The most affected group was composed by the 10-14 year old adolescents, males. The type of violence that was most evident was psychological, followed by physical violence; the main aggressor was the father, followed by the mother. What the kids and adolescents liked the least of their families was the hitting and the arguments/fights. The most predominant psychological alterations were a lack of affection, evasion techniques and the search for security. The most frequent factors generating violence were alcohol, a poor identification with the family, and generational conflicts.
Likewise, it was recommended to create a multidisciplinary team to implement community intervention strategies that enable the identification of violence manifestations so that we can act upon them and their consequences.


perception of violenceviolence in the family setting

Versión en Español


Percepción de la violencia intrafamiliar por los niños y adolescentes