MAYO 2010 N° 5 Volumen 8

Perinatal behavior in teenage pregnancy



1Carmen María Hernández Pérez, 1Raiza Rodríguez Ramírez, 2José Rafael Escalona Aguilera, 3Marisol Hernández Pérez, 4Argelio Hernández Pupo


1Licenciada en Enfermería. Especialista de Primer Grado en Enfermería Comunitaria.2Doctor en Medicina. Especialista de Primer Grado en Pediatría. Máster en Bioética.3Doctora en Medicina. Especialista de Primer Grado en Ginecología y Obstetricia.4Doctor en Medicina. Especialista de Primer Grado en Medicina General Integral.

Contact email: escalona@gibara.hlg.sld.cu


We performed a prospective descriptive study with the aim of contributing to the knowledge of perinatal behavior in teenage pregnancy in the Core Workgroup of the teaching polyclinic No. 3 "José Martí Pérez" in Gibara. The sample consisted of 31 pregnant adolescents. We analyzed a series of variables such as age, occupation, educational level, body mass index, weight gain, type of delivery and perinatal complications. All the teenagers filled a survey which later were organized and processed, and treated with descriptive statistics tools such as percentage analysis descriptive statistics, arithmetic mean and standard deviation.
Pregnancy prevailed between the ages of 18 and 19 years, 74,1% were housewives with 90.3% average cultural level, 74,2% a stable relationship, 64,5% had an adequate weight gain, 83,8% of infants were born between 37 and 40 weeks of gestation. 19,3% of them had a dystocia cesarean and acute fetal distress was the leading cause of cesarean delivery. The main causes of neonatal morbidity were connatal (9,6%), neonatal hypoxia (12,9%). The most frequent pathologies were: gestational hypertensive disease (12,9%), and anemia (16,1%).


adolescence; dystociapregnancy

Versión en Español


Comportamiento perinatal del embarazo en la adolescencia