Analysis of the emergency health interventions by a medical helicopter

Section: Originals

How to quote

Pérez Villarroya F, Guillén Barea Y, Bargo Zambudio A, Sánchez Guio T, Silvestre Adivinación J, Miguel Paricio A. Análisis de la atención sanitaria urgente de un helicóptero medicalizado. Metas Enferm may 2018; 21(4):10-4.

Authors

Francisca Pérez Villarroya1, Yésica Guillén Barea2, Albert Bargo Zambudio3, Tania Sánchez Guio4, Jorge Silvestre Adivinación1, Andrea Miguel Paricio5

Position

1Enfermera/o. Sistema Aragonés de Salud y 112 Aragón. Teruel2Enfermera. 112 Aragón. Teruel 3Médico especialista en Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria. 112 Aragón. Teruel4Enfermera. Sistema Aragonés de Salud. Zaragoza5Enfermera. Sistema Aragonés de Salud. Teruel

Contact address

Francisca Pérez Villarroya. C/ Jerónimo Soriano, 1. 44002 Teruel

Contact email: fperezv@salud.aragon.es

Abstract

Objective: to describe the prevalence and characteristics of health conditions managed by the medical helicopter in Teruel for emergency health care.
Method: a descriptive transversal study about the patient care activity of the healthcare helicopter from the 112 Aragón at the Teruel headquarters during 2015. Studied variables: age and gender of the patients managed; activity of the helicopter by months; time to response; places where patient care was conducted; destination of the patients transferred; type of transfer, and condition or reason for the intervention. Descriptive and inference statistical analysis was conducted through Square Chi / Fisher’s Exact Test.
Results: During 2015, there were 92 patients managed by the medical helicopter from the 112 Teruel Headquarters: 75% were male and 25% were female. The months with the highest number of emergency calls were July (n= 11), August (n= 19) and September (n= 11). Cardiovascular conditions were the most frequently seen, with 40.2% of cases, and 57% of these were Infarction Code; these were followed by orthopaedic conditions with 26.1%. The time to response was <30 minutes in 60.9% of the emergency interventions.
Conclusions: the use of the medical helicopter allows to offer fast patient care, mostly in less than half an hour, to Aragón inhabitants, and makes it feasible to apply time-dependent treatments, such as those for the Stroke and Cardiac Codes.

Keywords:

Healthcare helicarrier; medical emergency services; ischemic stroke; emergencytransversal study.

Versión en Español

Título:

Análisis de la atención sanitaria urgente de un helicóptero medicalizado