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Metas de Enfermería

Metas de Enfermería

JUNIO 2019 N° 5 Volumen 22

Resilience, work engagement, and professional burnout among Nursing staff

Section: Originals

How to quote

Santos Pascual S, Arévalo Manso JJ, del Río Maroto N, Cantón Álvarez B, San José Sánchez E, Cuéllar Lázaro MM. Resiliencia, compromiso laboral y agotamiento profesional en personal de Enfermería. Metas Enferm jun 2019; 22(5):5-12.

Authors

Soraya Santos Pascual1, Juan José Arévalo Manso2, Noelia del Río Maroto3, Belén Cantón Álvarez4, Elena San José Sánchez5, Mª Montserrat Cuéllar Lázaro6

Position

1Máster en Gestión de Servicios de Enfermería. Licenciada en Antropología Social y Cultural. Unidad de Medicina Interna. Complejo Asistencial de Segovia. Segovia2Máster en Investigación en Cuidados de la Salud. Unidad de Oncología y Hematología. Complejo Asistencial de Segovia. Servicio de Asesoría en Investigación Sanitaria. Sección Sindical CSIF-Sanidad Segovia. Segovia3Máster en Gestión de Servicios de Enfermería. Dirección de Enfermería. Complejo Asistencial de Segovia. Segovia4Doctora en Medicina. Licenciada Especialista en Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Dirección Médica. Complejo Asistencial de Segovia. Segovia5Máster en Gestión Sanitaria. Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Complejo Asistencial de Segovia. Segovia6Enfermera. Unidad de Geriatría y Cuidados Paliativos. Complejo Asistencial de Segovia. Segovia

Contact address

Soraya Santos Pascual. Unidad de Medicina Interna. Complejo Asistencial de Segovia. C/ Luis Erik Clavería Neurólogo, s/n. 40002 Segovia.

Contact email: ssantospas@saludcastillayleon.es

Abstract

Objective: to assess the levels of resilience, work engagement and professional burnout among the Nursing staff, and to understand the relationship between them.
Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study with active nursing staff working as nurses or auxiliary nurse technicians at the Complejo Asistencial de Segovia, during March-April, 2016. Sociodemographical, occupational and professional variables were registered. Different scales were used to assess resilience (CD-RISC scale), work engagement (UWES scale), and professional burnout (MBI-GS scale). A descriptive analysis was conducted. The correlation between resilience, engagement and burnout was confirmed, as well as the association between them. The SPSS statistical program version 20.0 was used.
Results: the study included 42 subjects; medium levels (45.2%) of engagement prevailed. Regarding burnout, there was a prevalence of medium-low levels (26.2%) in the emotional exhaustion dimension, and medium-high levels (31%) in the cynicism dimension, as well as in the efficacy dimension (33.3%). There was a high level of resilience in 16.7% of participants. The correlation of resilience with engagement and burnout was of 0.661 and -0.561 respectively (both p< 0.001). Resilience was associated with engagement levels (ß= 0.567, CI95%: 0.248-0.886, p= 0.001). On the other hand, there was no association between resilience and burnout levels (ß= -0.096, CI95%= -0.433 to 0.240, p= 0.566).
Conclusion: the Nursing staff in the study presented medium levels of resilience, engagement and burnout, and there seemed to be an association between resilience and engagement levels, but not between resilience and burnout levels.

Keywords:

psychological resilience; work engagement; professional burnout; nursing staff; Nursing staff.

Versión en Español

Título:

Resiliencia, compromiso laboral y agotamiento profesional en personal de Enfermería