Burnout syndrome in workers at the hospital nursing area in Ciénaga, Colombia

Section: Originals

How to quote

De la Cruz Pabón SM, Lora-Monsalve MA, Iguarán Jiménez AM, Fontalvo Bolaño GI, Acosta Salazar D. Síndrome de burnout en trabajadores del área de Enfermería hospitalaria de Ciénaga, Colombia. Metas Enferm mar 2023; 26(2):14-20. Doi: https://doi.org/10.35667/MetasEnf.2023.26.1003082062


Sheris María de la Cruz Pabón1, Mario Alberto Lora-Monsalve2, Amanda Miguel Iguarán Jiménez3, Graciela Isabel Fontalvo Bolaño4, Diana Acosta Salazar5


1Máster en Salud Ocupacional y Seguridad Industrial. Universidad del Magdalena. Santa Marta, Magdalena (Colombia)2Administrador en Salud Ocupacional. IES INFOTEP de Ciénaga. Magdalena (Colombia)3Máster en Educación. Universidad del Magdalena. Santa Marta, Magdalena (Colombia)4Especialista en Gerencia Social. ES Hospital San Cristóbal de Ciénaga. Magdalena (Colombia)5Doctora en Enfermería. Universidad del Magdalena. Santa Marta, Magdalena (Colombia)

Contact address

Sheris María de la Cruz Pabón. Universidad del Magdalena. Programa de Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Carrera 32 #22-08. Santa Marta, Ma

Contact email: sdelacruz@unimagdalena.edu.co


Objective: to determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome in Nursing professionals working at the hospital care area in the Ciénaga district, Magdalena (Colombia).
Method: a descriptive cross-sectional study with 64 workers from the Nursing area, who answered the Maslach Burnout Inventory with its three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal achievement. The questionnaire was self-administered on-line. Descriptive statistics was conducted, and the non-parametric Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient was applied to calculate the correlation between sociodemographic and professional variables, and the three burnout dimensions.
Results: of the 64 participants studied, 100% were female, with higher participation in ages from 25 to 31 years (28.1%); 46,9% were single, the vast majority had a service contract (90.6%) and 64.1% had a technician level of education. The results were that 71.9% presented medium-low emotional exhaustion, 73.4% reported a low level of depersonalization, and practically all of them (93.8%) had a low level of personal achievement, with none presenting a high level. There was a low positive correlation (Rho= 0.322; p= 0.021) between age and depersonalization.
Conclusions: burnout levels in Nursing professionals are medium-low; but the low level of personal achievement among nurses stands out. Even though a weak positive correlation was found between age and depersonalization, the low number of participants suggests that this should be carefully interpreted, and further research on the matter is required.


burnout; psychological; professional; emotional exhaustion; depersonalization; personal accomplishment; job satisfaction

Versión en Español


Síndrome de burnout en trabajadores del área de Enfermería hospitalaria de Ciénaga, Colombia