Section: Hands on
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Florensa Cabré Y, Mena Gimeno V. Conocimientos y prácticas enfermeras respecto a la administración de las heparinas de bajo peso molecular. Metas de Enferm mar 2006; 9(2): 14-20
Yolanda Florensa Cabré, Virginia Mena Gimeno
Diplomadas en Enfermería.
C/ Girona, 47, 5º C. 25005 Lleida.
Objective: to explore the knowledge and nursing practice relating to the administration of low weight heparin compounds
Material and methods: cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample consisted of 150 nurses of both genders from the Hospital Arnau in Vilanova, Lleida. A self-administered questionnaire was given for the collection of data. The questionnaire had 20 questions on the administration of heparin. Other variables included in the study were: years in the profession, type of work contract, and frequency in the administration of heparin.
Results: 67,3% loaded using the normal syringe an excessive dose. 82,8% applied the technique correctly prefilled syringe as opposed to a 61,3% in the manual syringe technique. Over 75% of registered nurses pass the minimal score required for all the phases, excepting the preparation/dosification phase.
Conclusions: using preloaded syringes with heparin improves dosification to the patients and a better quality control of the total administration process. The more years in the profession, the worse the general results, and the more frequent administration, the better the results. This survey is a useful tool for the evaluation of nursing procedures and to improve the quality of such procedures.
low weight heparin compounds; subcutaneous injection; haematomas; preloaded syringe; evaluationprocedures
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