Metas de Enfermería

Metas de Enfermería

SEPTIEMBRE 2006 N° 7 Volumen 9

Nursing care in the prevention and control of lung tuberculosis

Section: Hands on

How to quote

González Lorenzana D, Hernández Vélez PE, Un Xia T, Barbeito Rabaneda R, García Adasme S, Quispe Loachamin L et al. Cuidados enfermeros en la prevención y control de la tuberculosis pulmonar. Metas de Enferm sep 2006; 9(7): 63-68


Desiré González Lorenzana1, Paola Estefanía Hernández Vélez2, Teresa Un Xia3, Raquel Barbeito Rabaneda3, Salvador Garc&ia


Diplomada en Enfermería. Centro de Salud. Atención Primaria del Área 1 (Madrid).1, Diplomada en Enfermería. Uni

Contact address

Escuela de Enfermería “Puerta de Hierro”. C/ San Martín de Porres, 4. 28035 Madrid.

Contact email: pserrano.hpth@salud.madrid.org


Tuberculosis is a public health problem worldwide, mainly lung tuberculosis. The objective of this paper is to go over the most important aspects in the prevention and control of TB, aimed at the source (diagnostic tests, particularly the tuberculin test, sputum sample, drug therapy, primary and secondary chemoprophylaxis, compliance with the treatment, contact control, an strategy for concentric circles, epidemiologic surveillance, and health education in patients and contacts, as well as indications for respiratory isolation) as well as the transmission pathways (especially the airway) and the susceptible host (BCG vaccine and contact protection through the use of masks and personal respirators). The work of the nurse must encompass all the aspects of the epidemiologic chain, especially in what concerns the use of health education at all levels of TB prevention.


lung tuberculosis; nursing intervention; epidemiologic chain; Mantoux TB testing; Immigration

Versión en Español


Cuidados enfermeros en la prevención y control de la tuberculosis pulmonar