Behaviour modification in a female diabetic patient after therapeutic education

Section: Práctica Clínica

How to quote

Orozco Carreras E, Gómez Ramírez CM, Benavides Espínola IC, Díaz Gómez D. Modificación de conducta en paciente diabética tras educación terapéutica. Metas Enferm may 2018; 21(4):55-9.

Authors

Elena Orozco Carreras1, Carmen María Gómez Ramírez1, Inmaculada Concepción Benavides Espínola1, David Díaz Gómez2

Position

1Enfermera Especialista en Enfermería Familiar y Comunitaria. Servicio Andaluz de Salud. Coín (Málaga) 2Enfermero Especialista en Obstetricia y Ginecología. Hospital St. Georges. Londres (Reino Unido)

Contact address

Elena Orozco Carreras. C/ Paraguay, 8. 29400 Ronda (Málaga).

Contact email: nube161@hotmail.com

Abstract

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of persons diagnosed with diabetes has increased from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014; at the same time, the world prevalence in adults >18-year-old has also increased from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014. Currently in Spain, 12.6% of the population presents intolerance to glucose or altered basal glucose levels, situations considered as pre-diabetes. Type 1 diabetes represents between 5 and 1% of all diabetics, while 13.8% of the >18-year-old Spanish population suffers Type 2 diabetes. The treatment for diabetes is complex and demands active involvement by patients, who have the right and the duty to make major decisions about their care and treatment. Health education is essential in their treatment approach, because it will improve metabolic control and reduce both the acute and chronic complications, as well as the need for hospitalization. The objective of this article is to present the case report of a female patient diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes mellitus, who worsened after a period of lack of treatment adherence. The nursing care plan was prepared on the basis of the basic needs described by V. Henderson, and with the NANDA-NOC-NIC nursing taxonomy terminology.

Keywords:

Chronic patient; lack of treatment adherence; diabetestherapeutic education.

Versión en Español

Título:

Modificación de conducta en paciente diabética tras educación terapéutica