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Educare

Educare

JULIO 2008 N° 7 Volumen 6

Risk factors associated with abnormal cervico-vaginal cytology results

Section: LEARNING TO TEACH

Authors

1Ana Ibis Guerrero Suárez, 1Raiza Rodríguez Ramírez, 2Tatiana Ochoa Roca, 3José Rafael Escalona Aguilera

Position

1Licenciada en Enfermería. Especialista de Primer Grado en Enfermería Comunitaria. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Mariana Grajalez Coello Holguín.2Especialista de Primer Grado en Medicina General Integral. Profesora Asistente. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Mariana Grajalez Coello Holguín.3Especialista de Primer Grado en Pediatría. Profesor Auxiliar. Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Mariana Grajalez Coello Holguín.

Contact email: escalona@gibara.hlg.sld.cu

Abstract

A descriptive study was carried out on a series of cases regarding the risk factors associated with abnormal cytology in the Ávila Reyes health district, in the Holguín municipality.  The patient universe consisted of 1510 patients selected when performing the cervical cytological examination, with the final sample consisting of 56 women with abnormal cytology. Information was obtained by reviewing individual and family clinical histories, cytology log book, cytology cards and surveys applied to these patients based on the objectives. 
Results showed that the most affected age group was 35 to 44 years of age, where the majority had had early sexual intercourse with two sexual partners, with parity, smoking and cervicitis also being high incidence factors. The degree of knowledge on the objective of performing this test is partially good and the results of the variables studied show that CIN II is the most frequent.
It was deemed advisable to increase health promotion actions indicated in the cervicouterine cancer prevention program with community and intersector participation.

Keywords:

cervical cancer; early detectioncytological examination

Versión en Español

Título:

Factores de riesgo asociados a citologías cervicovaginales alteradas