Motivation to follow a healthy diet in persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Section: Originals

How to quote

González Méndez X, Papín Cano C, Martín Payo R. Motivación de las personas con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en la realización de una dieta saludable. RIdEC 2018; 11(1):30-6.

Authors

1 Xana González Méndez, 2 Cristina Papín Cano, 3 Rubén Martín Payo

Position

1 Especialista en Enfermería Familiar y Comunitaria. C.S. Las Vegas (Corvera de Asturias).2 Especialista en Enfermería Familiar y Comunitaria. C.S. Piedras Blancas (Castrillón, Asturias).3 Doctor en Ciencias de la Salud. Departamento de Medicina- Universidad de Oviedo. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud (Oviedo, Asturias).

Contact email: xana.gonzalez@sespa.es

Abstract

Objective: to describe the type of motivation and the basic psychological needs (BPNs) in order to follow recommendations for a healthy diet in a sample of patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2).
Material and methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 235 patients diagnosed with DM2 in the 3rd Healthcare Area of Asturias. The Motiva.Diaf-DM2 and Brief Resilient Coping Scale questionnaires were used. Those patients who attended the health centres involved and wanted to take part were included in the study. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 24.0.
Results: the highest score for lack of motivation was assigned to the variable associated with the higher weekly use of fish over meat. The best percentage for intrinsic motivation was observed in the items associated with eating two or three pieces of fruit per day and food seasoned with aromatic herbs or spices. The worst scores in BPNs (autonomy, competence and social support) were assigned to the items regarding autonomy: “I am the one who prepares my food”, and with social support.
Discussion and conclusions: persons with DM2 could make changes in behaviour that would allow them to follow a healthy diet, if educational interventions by healthcare professionals were adapted to their motivation and their BPNs, that is to say: autonomy, competence and social support. This could result in a better self-control of their disease, improving their quality of life. On the other hand, using the Motiva.Diaf-DM2 questionnaire would allow to assess the effect of said interventions.

Keywords:

type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; diet for persons with diabetes; motivation; psychological resilience

Versión en Español

Título:

Motivación de las personas con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 en la realización de una dieta saludable

Artículo completo no disponible en este idioma / Full article is not available in this language

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