MAYO 2012 N° 5 Volumen 10

Nursing interventions in the asthmatic patient


How to quote

Benítez Fuentes E, Castro Varela L, Zapata Sampedro MA. Intervenciones enfermeras en el paciente asmático. Educare21 2012; 10(5). [En línea] [fecha de acceso: 1 de mayo de 2012]. URL disponible en: http://www.enfermeria21.com/publicaciones/educare/


1Elena Benítez Fuentes, 2Laura Castro Varela, 3Marco A. Zapata Sampedro


1Enfermera del Servicio de Hospitalización, Clínica Nuestra Señora de Fátima, Sevilla.2Diplomada en Enfermería. Hospitales Universitarios Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla.3Diplomado en Enfermería. Centro de Salud Polígono Norte. Distrito sanitario AP, Sevilla.

Contact email: elena_bb_ats@hotmail.com


Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways in which inflammation causes various degrees of bronchial obstruction. This inflammation causes episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing, particularly at night and early morning hours.
It affects over 300 million people worldwide regardless of the level of cultural development.
Drug treatment may be either symptomatic, which aims to stop the crisis through short-acting drugs such as adrenaline, corticosteroids, oxygen, etc.., Or preventive which indicates regular use of bronchodilators, antihistamines, corticosteroids, therapy respiratory specific immunotherapy, etc.
Nurses play a vital role in helping patients to make decisions and learn to take specific actions needed to control asthma. These actions by the patient are the focus of all education of patients with asthma.
The content should include an explanation of asthma, the objectives and principles in the management of asthma and the dangers of overuse and underuse of medication.
Therefore, the nurse must educate the patient and/or family to avoid triggers and know the specific treatment and their appropriate use.


asthma; asthma attack; health promotion; nursing interventionstreatment

Versión en Español


Intervenciones enfermeras en el paciente asmático