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Martínez Pacios B. Cuidado enfermero al donante en muerte encefálica. Metas de Enferm oct 2012; 15(8): 57-64
Beatriz Martínez Pacios
Graduada en Enfermería. Experta Universitaria en Urgencias y Emergencias extrahospitalarias.
C/ Nicolás de Brujas, 23-1º E. 24401 Ponferrada (León).
Contact email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The good prognosis of the patient in the transplant recipient is directly influenced by the optimal nursing care of the patient of potential donor patient, which determines the importance on the effectiveness of specific care of the intensive care nurse.
Once the diagnosis of brain death is established, the preservation priority is to ensure proper perfusion of the organs and tissues that could be donated. Actions aimed at the patient's comprehensive maintenance are planned from a multidisciplinary perspective, becoming increasingly important the work of the nursing team for being the medical personnel that remains in contact with the patient the longest.
The aim of this paper is to review in the context of current legislation the most relevant issues and parameters for maintaining the basic physiological needs of the brain-dead donor patient , that are part of the nursing care plan for this type of patient, highlighting major complications that can occur and the protocols used for prevention or correction of such. Interventions aimed at meeting the need of the family to act according to their beliefs and values are also included.
brain death; clinical Nurse; donors; intensive care; organ transplantation
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