Section: Health and quality of life
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Zapico López G. Eficacia de una terapia grupal multicomponente para el abandono del hábito tabáquico. Metas Enferm nov 2015; 18(9): 58-61.
Graciela Zapico López
Enfermera. Hospital Cangas del Narcea. Mieres (Asturias).
Graciela Zapico López Plz. de San José, 3. 33640 Ujo-Mieres (Asturias).
Contact email: email@example.com
Objective: to evaluate the efficacy of a Multicomponent Group Therapy for smoking cessation at three and six months, and one year or longer after its completion.
Method: this is a quasi-experimental study without a control arm. The study population included smoking persons who attended five MGT sessions voluntarily, and were in the “Ready for Action” and “Action” stages of the Stages of Change model by Prochaska and DiClemente.
Results: out of those 79 patients who took part in the Workshops for Smoking Cessation, 53 patients participated in this study. There was a 67.9% smoking abstinence immediately after completing the therapy, 43.4% at short term (three months), 7.5% at medium-term (six months), and 17% at long term (one year or longer). The main reasons for relapse were: stress in 83% of men; while in women, reasons were split into depression, stress, working problems and others, with 25% each.
Conclusions: the rate of non-smoking patients decreases over time. Maybe a periodic follow-up of those patients attending the workshops would increase the number of long term ex–smokers. This follow-up will only be possible if these workshops for smoking cessation are conducted within an adequate organizational structure.
Quit smoking; Primary Care; Multicomponent Group Therapy; smoking habit
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