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Pérez Taboada S, Gancedo García A, Chudáik M, Riaño Galán I, Fernández Carreira JM, Feito Álvarez M. Conocimiento y cumplimiento de las medidas de bioseguridad del personal de Enfermería en los servicios especiales. Metas Enferm dic 2016/ene 2017; 19(10): 15-20.
Silvia Pérez Taboada¹, Ana Gancedo García2, Michal Chudácik3, Isolina Riaño Galán4,José Manuel Fernández Carreira5, María Feito Álvarez1
1Enfermera. Hospital San Agustín. Área Sanitaria III (Avilés). Asturias2Médico de Atención Primaria. Área Sanitaria V (Gijón) y Mutua Fraternidad Muprespa (Delegación de Avilés). Asturias3Médico de Atención Primaria. Hospital San Agustín. Área Sanitaria III (Avilés). Asturias4Médico. Hospital San Agustín. Área Sanitaria III (Avilés). Asturias5Coordinador de Calidad. Hospital San Agustín. Área sanitaria III (Avilés). Asturias
Silvia Pérez Taboada. Hospital San Agustín de Avilés. Camino de Heros, 6. 33401 Avilés (Asturias).
Contact email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: to understand the level of awareness and compliance of biosafety measures by the Nursing Staff in the special units from the Hospital San Agustín (HSA) Avilés (Asturias), and their impact on accidents with biologic risk.
Method: a transversal descriptive study conducted on April, 2015 with all the nurses from special units at the HAS. The following variables were recorded: sociodemographic data, professional experience, training, action in biologic risk, biosafety, and history of occupational accidents, through a self-completed questionnaire prepared by the authors. Quantitative variables were described with mean and standard deviation, and median and interquartile range, for asymmetrical distribution. Qualitative variables were described with frequencies and percentages. Associations between variables were also analyzed through Chi-square Test, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, and Kruskall-Wallis Test.
Results: seventy (70) questionnaires were completed out of the 78 distributed. Of these, 90% were women, with a mean 41-year-old age (SD:9.7) and mean working experience of 18.4 years (SD:9.8). Sixty-one per cent (61%) had received information about biosafety; the mean score of knowledge was 86.2 points over 100 (SD:13.9), and measure implementation was 60.8 (SD:19.6) points. 67.1% had suffered at least one accident with biologic risk, by needle stick on 61.4% of cases; from these, 34.3% attributed the cause of accident to excess workload. The Pearson Correlation value between professional experience and the implementation of biosafety measures was 0.14 and 0.19 regarding knowledge, and 0.42 between knowledge and implementation.
Conclusions: the hospital nurses included in the study had a good knowledge of biosafety; this represented a higher implementation of measures, but not a reduction in accidents with biologic risk, even with higher working experience. The majority of nurses attributed this to an excess in workload.
Biologic accidents; needlestick injury; biosecurity; work accident
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