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Portero de la Cruz S, Cebrino Cruz J. Tabaquismo y hábitos de vida en estudiantes de Enfermería. Metas Enferm feb 2019; 22(1):50-6.
Silvia Portero de la Cruz1, Jesús Cebrino Cruz2
1Enfermera. Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Medicina y Enfermería. Universidad de Córdoba. Máster en Metodología de la Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud 2Licenciado en Biología. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Sevilla. Máster en Biodiversidad y Biología de la Conservación
Silvia Portero de la Cruz. Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Medicina y Enfermería. Universidad de Córdoba. Avda. Menéndez Pidal, s/n. 14071 Cór
Contact email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: to determine the sociodemographical and academic characteristics, lifestyle habits, and prevalence of smoking among Nursing students; to explore the association between smoking and other lifestyle habits with impact on health; to determine the degree of physical dependence to nicotine, and to describe the main reason that leads to quit smoking.
Method: a descriptive cross-sectional and multicenter study, conducted between January and February, 2018, with students from the four years of the Nursing Degree from two public universities in Andalusia. Three questionnaires were used, collecting sociodemographical, academic and lifestyle variables, and the Fagerström test to measure nicotine dependence. Descriptive, inferential and multivariate statistics was applied.
Results: the study included 127 Nursing students; 86.92% were female. There was a 20.77% prevalence of smoking: 48.15% smoked every day, and 62.96% would like to quit smoking. The degree of nicotine dependence was low, with a mean score of 11.1 (SD = 0.13) for active smokers in the Fagerström test. Students who drank alcohol had 3.67 times more likelihood of smoking that those who did not drink alcohol (p= 0.05).
Conclusions: nursing students present a low dependence to nicotine. Alcohol intake is strongly associated with smoking. It is necessary to implement intervention studies in order to reduce the prevalence of smoking among Nursing students as future healthcare professionals.
tobacco; smoking; nursing students; lifestyles; Descriptive Study; descriptive study.
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