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Reguera Suárez L. Conocimientos sobre soporte vital básico de los árbitros de fútbol del Principado de Asturias. Metas Enferm oct 2019; 22(8):5-12.
Lucía Reguera Suárez
Enfermera. Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias. Oviedo (Asturias)
Lucía Reguera Suárez. Avda. Hermanos Felgueroso, 52. 33205 Gijón (Asturias).
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Objectives: to describe the level of knowledge regarding basic life support (BLS) maneuvers by football referees from the Principality of Asturias.
Methodology: a descriptive cross-sectional study. A 20-item questionnaire was designed, split into four areas: cardiopulmonary resuscitation and chest compressions, ventilation, use of automatic defibrillator (AED), and airway clearance. This questionnaire was sent by email to the 412 referees registered in the Technical Committee of Referees of the Principality of Asturias. Descriptive analysis was conducted, using the SPSS statistical package version 23.0.
Results: the study included 186 subjects, 45.25% of the referees registered in the census: 176 men (94.6%) and 10 women (5.4%), with a mean age (standard deviation) of 24.78 (6.98) years. These referees had a mean (SD) referee time of 6.02 (5.78) years; the profession of 87.63% (n= 163) of them was not associated with sports or healthcare, while 65.6% (n= 122) had received no training in BLS. Only 51.07% (n= 95) reached a score equal to or above 10 correct answers. The percentage of correct answers to questions about cardiopulmonary resuscitation was 49.28%, about ventilation: 76.66%, in the block dealing with AED: 39.71%, and 41% in airway clearance. Statistically significant differences (p< 0.05) were detected in the level of knowledge in association with age, profession, and previous training in BLS.
Conclusions: referees in the Principality of Asturias had medium-low knowledge about BLS. Those who showed a higher level of knowledge were those with professions associated with healthcare and sports, previous training in BLS, and ages in the 20-to-40-year range.
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