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Sanclemente-Vinué I, Elboj-Saso C, Íñiguez-Berrozpe T. Factores asociados al burnout y al engagement en profesionales de Enfermería. Metas Enferm sep 2021; 24(7):15-24. Doi: https://doi.org/10.35667/MetasEnf.2021.24.1003081797
Isabel Sanclemente-Vinué1, Carmen Elboj-Saso2, Tatiana Íñiguez-Berrozpe3
1Doctora. Residencia Ciudad de Huesca. Instituto Aragonés de Servicios Sociales. Huesca 2Catedrática de Universidad. Facultad de Educación. Departamento de Psicología y Sociología. Universidad de Zaragoza 3Profesora Contratada Doctora. Facultad de Educación. Departamento de Psicología y Sociología. Universidad de Zaragoza
Isabel Sanclemente Vinué. C/ Mateo Estaún Llanas, 10. 22005 Huesca.
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Objective: to understand the association between engagement and burnout syndrome with the working life areas, the sociodemographic and occupational variables, and the coping styles, in nurses from public and private health centers.
Method: an analytical cross-sectional study conducted with 527 nurses from all healthcare centers in the city of Huesca. Sociodemographic and occupational variables were collected, as well as engagement (Six Areas of Work Life Questionnaire), burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory) and coping with stress (Stress Coping Questionnaire). Descriptive and multivariate analysis.
Results: in total, 305 questionnaires were completed (57.8 of the sample); 91.1% of participants were female, with a mean age (SD) of 44.98 (10.86) years. The work life areas predicting the engagement dimensions were the Involvement Sub-scale, with a higher proportion, followed by Energy and Efficacy. The same areas contributed to the Stress Coping Sub-scales. The sociodemographic variables explained the low proportions in the Commitment dimensions. The Exhaustion and Cynicism dimensions were explained with very similar proportions for the work life areas.
Conclusions: the Reward and Community areas, as well as coping styles focused on Negative Self-Targeting, were associated with the development of engagement and burnout. Encouraging the development of sufficient quantitative and qualitative rewards would encourage the feelings of equity and the development of engagement; at the same time, an adequate support by superiors, relatives and partners would avoid the development of burnout.
nurses; occupational health; burnout; engagement; occupational exhaustion; work commitment
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