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Genzor Ríos C, Lorda Cobos AI, Manero Montañés P, López Vidal C, Casanovas Marsal JO, González de la Cuesta D. ¿Es necesaria la formación anual sobre reanimación cardiopulmonar en el colegio? Metas Enferm nov 2022; 25(9):57-63. Doi: https://doi.org/10.35667/ MetasEnf.2022.25.1003082006
Cristina Genzor Ríos1, Ana Isabel Lorda Cobos1, Paula Manero Montañés1, Cristina López Vidal1, Josep Oriol Casanovas Marsal2, Delia González de la Cuesta3
1Enfermera Especialista en Pediatría. Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet. Zaragoza (España)2Doctor en Enfermería. Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón. Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet. Zaragoza (España)3Máster Oficial en Ciencias de la Enfermería. Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón. Área de investigación e innovación. Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet. Zaragoza (España)
Cristina Genzor Ríos. Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet. Dirección de Enfermería. Paseo Isabel La Católica, 1-3. 50009 Zaragoza (España).
Objective: to evaluate the knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation acquired by students in their 5th year of Primary School from a school in Zaragoza (Spain) after conducting a theoretical-practical workshop, and the differences based on whether it was repeated or not on the following year.
Method: a controlled randomized study conducted between 2019 and 2021, which included 72 enrolled students who were randomly assigned to two equal arms. One of the arms attended a theoretical-practical workshop on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in two one-hour sessions; the other arm also repeated the training the following year. Age, gender and knowledge were measured through a self-administered test which was designed ad hoc (scores from 0 to 13 maximum) before and after the first year and after the second year. Descriptive statistics indexes and hypothesis contrast were used.
Results: the study included 72 students with 10.6 years as mean age. There was a statistically significant increase in scores in both arms (p value< 0.001) on the first year. On the second year, the median total score obtained was 11.0 (IQR= 2.0) in the arm without repetition and 13.0 (IQR= 1.0) in the arm with repetition (p< 0.001). This last arm presented better identification of the initial verification of consciousness, the action while waiting for help, the action in lack of consciousness without respiration, and the compression / ventilation ratio (p< 0.05).
Conclusion: participation in the workshop improved the knowledge of students. Those who received training again on the following year obtained higher knowledge than those who only received it once.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation; educational measurement; surveys and questionnaires; school health services; experimental epidemiology
Versión en Español