Section: Health and quality of life
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Pades Jiménez A, Homar Amengual C. Estrés laboral y burnout en Enfermería. Metas de Enferm abr 2006; 9(3): 67-72
Antonia Pades Jiménez1, Catalina Homar Amengual2
Enfermera. Dra. en Psicología. Profesora Titular de la Escuela Universitaria de Enfermería. Dpto. de Enfermería y Fisioterapia. Universitat de les Ill
Dpto. Enfermería y Fisioterapia. Ed. Guillem Cifre de Colonya. Carretera de Valldemossa km 7,5. 07071 Palma de Mallorca (Illes Balears).
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Chronic work-related stress or burnout is a broadly studied controversial subject among nursing professionals, given its vulnerability to suffer the condition. The enormous personal and economical costs that suffering from this condition represents for individuals and for healthcare organisations, has made this issue one of great interest, with increasing ongoing research. This paper presents a general and conceptual review of this problem. Based on the concept of stress and applying the functional analysis of behaviour, the intervening elements as well as the factors that lead to chronic work stress or burnout are identified. To promote adequate mental hygiene among nursing professionals it is necessary to adopt a serious approach to the introduction of measures aimed at reducing the stress in work places and at the development of rigorous lines of research aimed at understanding the specific stressing elements.
work-related stress; burnout; professionals; work health; Mental Health; psychiatry
Versión en Español