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González Murillo PA et ál. Mitos o leyendas urbanas relacionadas con la salud en estudiantes universitarios. Metas de Enferm abr 2011; 14(3): 28-32
1Agustín Pablo González Murillo, 2Emilio Pintor Holguín, 2Margarita Rubio Alonso, 3Francisco Javier Acebedo Esteban 4Enrique Vivas Rojo
1Enfermero. Licenciado en Humanidades. Profesor Asociado del Departamento de Enfermería de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud.2Especialista en Medicina interna. Profesor titular en la Universidad Europea de Madrid. 3SUMMA 112. Profesor de Atención Primaria en la Universidad Europea de Madrid. 4Médico especialista en alergología e inmunología.
Pablo Agustín González Murillo. Departamento de Enfermería. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Europea de Madrid. C/ Tajo, s/n. 28670 Villa
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Material and methods: cross-sectional descriptive study during the 2009-2010 school year using a population composed of first cycle Nursing, Dentistry and Physical Therapy university students. A self-elaborated structured questionnaire that contained questions on 10 health-related myths and sociodemographic variables was used. Descriptive statistical indexes were calculated and ?2, Student’s t test and ANOVA were utilized for the bivariate analysis.
Results: 149 students participated in the study (50 from Nursing School, 54 from Physical Therapy and 45 from Dentistry). Their mean age was 19,7 years, and 57% were women. In regards to the myths presented, the students reported being aware of an average of 7 (SD: 1,7) and considered an average of 4,5 (SD: 1,6) to be true. The only variable associated with a greater knowledge of myths was sex (female), while being older and having worked in the health field were associated with a larger percentage of believed myths.
Conclusions: future healthcare professionals are aware of health myths prior to starting their studies and most of these myths are considered to be true. It is important to explain to Health Sciences students that they should contrast the scientific basis of all information received by word of mouth or on the Internet.
health; Myths; researchuniversity student
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