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Aladefe

Aladefe

ENERO 2014 N° 1 Volumen 4

Smoking dependence level in nurses and doctors at a Regional General Hospital in Tijuana, Mexico

Section: Originals

How to quote

Zonana-Nacach A, Márquez Sanjuana O. Nivel de dependencia al tabaco en enfermeras y médicos de un hospital general regional. Rev. iberoam. Educ. investi. Enferm. 2014; 4(1):45-51.

Authors

1Abraham Zonana-Nacach, 2Ochoa Márquez Sanjuana

Position

1Unidad de Investigación Clínica y Epidemiología, Hospital General Regional (HGR) Nº 20, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Tijuana, Baja California (BC) (México).2Enfermera General. Hospital General Regional (HGR) Nº20, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Tijuana, Baja California (BC) (México).

Contact email: Abraham.zonana@imss.gob.mx

Abstract

Introduction: World Health Organization (WHO) promotes smoking cessation in medical and paramedical staff as a priority due to their role as educational agents to promote healthy habits in general population.
Purpose: To assess smoking dependence level based on Fagerstróm scale, among smoking health workers in evening and night shifts at Regional General Hospital (HGR) Nº 20 (IMSS) in Tijuana, Baja California (BC), Mexico.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in 264 evening- and night-shift health workers (physicians and nurses) from May to July 2011, at a IMSS Regional General Hospital in Tijuana, BC, Mexico.
Results: Mean age was 36.67 ± 8.931, with women accounting for  66% of participants; 81% were nurses and 19% were physicians. Eighty-one (30.7%) were current smokers (71 nurses and 10 physicians), with mean previous smoking history being 10.8±8.5 years long. Dependence level was low (55.6%), moderate (39.5 %), and high (5%).   
Conclusion: Smoking behavior assessment in health care workers in IMSS Tijuana, BC, showed a low dependence in 50% of participants. Ongoing programs to discourage smoking should be applied and a focus on promoting cigarette-smoking quitting should be used in people showing nicotine dependence.

Keywords:

smoking; dependence; Fagerström scale

Versión en Español

Título:

Nivel de dependencia al tabaco en enfermeras y médicos de un hospital general regional

Artículo completo no disponible en este idioma / Full article is not available in this language

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